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Pánaralyq zertteýler

Qazaq jerinde qudyq qazý isi erte kezeńnen qalyptasqan. Arheologtar qola dáýirine saıatyn Soltústik Qazaqstandaǵy Shaǵalaly qonysynan, Batys Qazaqstandaǵy Tastybulaq qonysynan qazylǵan ılındr tárizdi qudyqtardyń ornyn tapqan. Sol zamannyń ózinde ejelgi taıpalar qudyq qazýdyń kúrdeli tehnologııasyn meńgergen. Qudyqtar qazaq halqynyń tirshilikti qamtamasyz etý júıesinde aýyz sýdy qamtýmen birge, mal sýarý júzege asyrýda mańyzdy rol atqarǵan. Kósh joldaryn jalǵap jatqan qudyqtardyń mańyzdy beket sanaldy. Mańǵystaý men Ústirtte kósh joldaryn qudyqtar jalǵan jatty. Sýy tuщy, ári asa tereń emes jerden bir-birine jaqyndaý etilip, onshaqty qudyqqa deıin qazylǵan. Qudyq qazý óte aýyr jumys bolǵan. Qudyq qazýmen arnaıy osy isti kásip qylǵan, sýdyń kózin tanı biletin sheberler – qudyqshylar aınalysty. Shyńyraý qudyqtardaǵy jerdiń tasty qabatyn, taza sý kózderine jetkenshe uńǵyp qazǵan. Keı jerde tasty qabat 40 metrge deıin jetken. Qudyqshylar dıametri 1-1,5 metr qudyq ishinde otyryp jumys jasaǵan, jazdyń kúni qudyq tereńdiginde ton kıip qazǵan. Qudyqtardyń ár túrli ataýlary men túrleriniń qalyptasýy onyń ornalasqan jeri, ıesi, tereńdigi men sýynyń kólemine baılanysty.Basty bet » «edu.e-history.kz» elektrondyq jýrnaly »


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